Formerly in the Borghese collection, it was bought by Napoleon in 1807.
It could indirectly refer to Apollo's fight against the serpent Python or, if the lizard is an attribute of the god, it could show Apollo in his purifying function, as a destroyer of plagues - Greek gods called smintheus (rat-killer of rat) or parnopios (grasshopper-killer) are certainly known.
The bronze original of this sculpture is attributed by Pliny (XXXIV, 69-70) to the Athenian sculptor Praxiteles. This is usually dated to c.350-340 BC.
The original was even copied in reduced form in the Roman era, as we learns in an epigram of Martial (14, 172).
Sauroctonos = Lizard (Reptiles) Killer
In the superb original non-destroyed statue, Apollo was holding an arrow aimed at the lizard.
Apollo (Male) : The God of Finearts and Natural Harmony.
Artemis (Female) : His Sister, Goddess of Hunt, Nature, Birth and protector of the wild animals.
Place of Origin-Birth: The Island of Delos (Prehistoric Andromedian Planetary Center)
In Hellenic Language Numerology the word "APOLLO" is equal to the number: 1061
In Hellenic Language Numerology the word "ARTEMIS" is equal to the number: 656
APOLLO / ARTEMIS = 1,61737805... approximately the irrational mathematical Number "Phi" of the Golden Ratio "φ" of Fine Arts Architectural Harmony, Natural Harmony, Métron ... Ancient Hellenes designed their monuments by strictly using Architecture based on "Phi", in order to verify the archaic Delphic (Civilization Matrix) Way of Life gnome:
Mēdén ágan="Nothing in Excess"